Tuesday, 30 April 2024 00:00

Causes of a Bunion and How to Manage It

If you have a bump forming at the base of your big toe or experience discomfort while wearing certain shoes, you might be dealing with a bunion. This foot deformity, medically known as hallux valgus, develops gradually due to various factors. Included are genetics, wearing tight or high-heeled footwear, rheumatoid arthritis, or Marfan's syndrome, which causes a loosening of joints. Symptoms of a bunion are a noticeable bump, pain, and redness of the big toe. Corns or calluses, limited toe movement, and a burning sensation or numbness may also occur. While initial treatment involves wearing proper footwear, more severe cases may require custom orthotics, toe spreaders, or surgery. A podiatrist can offer guidance on ways to manage symptoms, prevent further complications, and determine if surgery is needed to realign the toe and alleviate pressure on the joint. If you have a bunion that is causing pain or impeding daily activities, it is suggested that you schedule an appointment with a podiatrist for an exam and treatment options.

If you are suffering from bunions, contact one of our podiatrists of Bangor Podiatry. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Is a Bunion?

A bunion is formed of swollen tissue or an enlargement of boney growth, usually located at the base joint of the toe that connects to the foot. The swelling occurs due to the bones in the big toe shifting inward, which impacts the other toes of the foot. This causes the area around the base of the big toe to become inflamed and painful.

Why Do Bunions Form?

Genetics – Susceptibility to bunions are often hereditary

Stress on the feet – Poorly fitted and uncomfortable footwear that places stress on feet, such as heels, can worsen existing bunions

How Are Bunions Diagnosed?

Doctors often perform two tests – blood tests and x-rays – when trying to diagnose bunions, especially in the early stages of development. Blood tests help determine if the foot pain is being caused by something else, such as arthritis, while x-rays provide a clear picture of your bone structure to your doctor.

How Are Bunions Treated?

  • Refrain from wearing heels or similar shoes that cause discomfort
  • Select wider shoes that can provide more comfort and reduce pain
  • Anti-inflammatory and pain management drugs
  • Orthotics or foot inserts
  • Surgery

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our offices located in Bangor, Brodheadsville, and Bethlehem, PA . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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