Tuesday, 05 September 2023 00:00

Definition and Causes of Bunions

Bunions are bony protrusions at the base of the big toe and are more than just a foot concern as they can impact daily comfort and mobility. Medically known as hallux valgus, bunions develop gradually as the top of the big toe leans toward the second toe, causing the joint to jut out. Genetics play a role, as does wearing improper footwear, like high heels. The constant pressure and friction can exacerbate the misalignment, leading to pain and inflammation. Bunions are not uncommon. They affect a substantial portion of the population, and women tend to be more prone due to footwear choices. Recognizing the early signs like swelling, redness, and discomfort, can prompt proactive measures. Seeking advice from a podiatrist and opting for appropriate footwear can alleviate symptoms and potentially slow down the progression of bunions. If you have developed a bunion, it is strongly suggested that you are under the care of a podiatrist who can offer you preventive, relief, and treatment options.

If you are suffering from bunion pain, contact one of our podiatrists of Bangor Podiatry. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Is a Bunion?

Bunions are painful bony bumps that usually develop on the inside of the foot at the joint of the big toe. As the deformity increases over time, it may become painful to walk and wear shoes. Women are more likely to exacerbate existing bunions since they often wear tight, narrow shoes that shift their toes together. Bunion pain can be relieved by wearing wider shoes with enough room for the toes.


  • Genetics – some people inherit feet that are more prone to bunion development
  • Inflammatory Conditions - rheumatoid arthritis and polio may cause bunion development


  • Redness and inflammation
  • Pain and tenderness
  • Callus or corns on the bump
  • Restricted motion in the big toe

In order to diagnose your bunion, your podiatrist may ask about your medical history, symptoms, and general health. Your doctor might also order an x-ray to take a closer look at your feet. Nonsurgical treatment options include orthotics, padding, icing, changes in footwear, and medication. If nonsurgical treatments don’t alleviate your bunion pain, surgery may be necessary.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our offices located in Bangor, Brodheadsville, and Bethlehem, PA . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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